At the 2018 social cognition preconfence at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology annual conference, I presented our work on protesting inequality and oppression in Turkey, the U.S., and the Middle East. A copy of the presentation is available here.
The following resolution was pass by the Clark University faculty today:
"We, the faculty of Clark University, unequivocally condemn the executive order, Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States, and associated statements issued by the Trump administration selectively denying admission to the United States on the basis of national origin and religious belief. Our University owes its greatness to a continued intermixing of faculty, staff, and students born in different countries, or whose forebears were born outside the United States and came to the country seeking refuge and opportunity. Our very identity as an institution leads us to view this order as a tremendous error that will weaken, not strengthen, our democratic institutions. The order embodies prejudice, heartlessness, religious and racial discrimination, and a clear misreading of the modern history of violence on U.S. soil. In short, we deem this order un-American and antithetical to freedom of inquiry, social justice, and other values at the core of a liberal arts education. It is not simply that we stand in solidarity with all those affected by this order, including current and former students; it is that we are an academic institution whose success, identity and principles are based on immigration, internationalism and learning across our many differences. We call on President Trump to rescind this ignoble order immediately."
CALL FOR PROPOSALS
Special Issue of the Journal of Social Issues
COMMEMORATING THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.’S CALL TO BEHAVIORAL SCIENTISTS
Deadline to Submit Proposals: February 1, 2017
Almost 50 years ago, Martin Luther King Jr. (MLK) outlined a vision for the role of the behavioral scientist in the Civil Rights Movement (King, 1968). Delivering an address to the American Psychological Association in 1967, that was subsequently published in a 1968 issue of the Journal of Social Issues, MLK focused on the successes of the Civil Rights Movement but also on the challenges that lie ahead. He called for psychologists and other behavioral scientists to bring the tools of their science to bear on some of these important challenges.
MLK described three areas to which these scholars could contribute, including diversity and leadership, how effective particular political actions are, and understanding the psychology of resistance to dominant, and creation of new, political ideologies, along with the psychological mechanisms employed to cope with collective oppression. In the 50 years since MLK’s remarks, psychologists and other behavioral scientists have been busy developing a vast literature on topics related to those outlined by MLK. However, it remains to be seen just what role psychologists and other behavioral scientists have had, and continue to play, in answering the types of questions coming out of progressive social movements for civil, and other, rights. This special issue will focus on contemporary research in psychology and behavioral science that embody the three areas of research outlined in MLK’s call to behavioural scientists.
We welcome proposals for empirical manuscripts in the following three areas: diversity and leadership, the efficacy of political action, and how the disadvantaged resist and develop alternatives to oppression. Please send an extended abstract (2-4 pages, double spaced) describing your proposed contribution, including how the proposed manuscript connects to one of the three areas outlined above, to Andrew L. Stewart (firstname.lastname@example.org) by February 1, 2017. We strongly prefer contributions from non-U.S. contexts with a critical perspective on race, and scholars of color are especially encouraged to submit a proposal. We also recommend reading MLK’s original speech found here. Full manuscripts will be solicited at a later date.
Maho Aikawa, M.A., a social psychology graduate student in IIVL, will present her research at the 2017 Eastern Psychological Association's annual conference in Boston, MA.
Her talk, titled "Ambivalent attitudes toward women and men and their role in child-rearing attitudes", examines the role of gender-related ideologies in child-rearing attitudes and social policies.
From the University of Surrey about our new paper in Psychology of Men & Masculinity
A collaborative team of leading social psychologists from the University of Surrey, Clark University, University of Ghent and Middlesex University London have investigated how lads’ mags normalise sexism in three new studies. The results are published today in Psychology of Men and Masculinity.
New study shows that lads’ mags normalise sexist humour, refuting the idea that men perceive them as ironic or ‘harmless fun’ New findings show link between ambivalent sexism and buying lads’ mags When young men are shown the similarity between language used in lads’ mags and that used by convicted rapists, they delegitimise these magazines Results of three new studies into the link between lads’ mags and sexism published in Psychology of Men and Masculinities While editors of men’s magazines such as Zoo and FHM have long claimed that sexist humour in these publications is harmless because male readers perceive it as ironic, the latest research refutes this idea. In a study of 81 UK men aged between 18 and 50, participants were presented with sexist jokes both in and out of a lads’ mag context. Young men – particularly those who scored lower on sexism measures – considered the jokes less hostile when they were in a lads’ mag context (but not more ironic or funnier).
Another study, with 423 UK men aged 18 to 30, aimed to identify the correlation between sexism and lads’ mag consumption. This revealed that if a man displays ambivalent sexism he is more likely to buy lads’ mags than other men, but not more likely to indulge in other forms of direct sexual consumption (paying for sex or going to strip clubs).
Finally a third study conducted in the US with 274 undergraduate students demonstrated that when shown evidence of the extreme hostility of content found in lads’ mags, young men delegitimise these magazines. In this study, selected participants took part in a sorting task which involved identifying which of a group of quotations had appeared in lads’ mags and which had been used by convicted rapists. Having failed to do this effectively – correctly identifying only half of the quotations – the men who had taken part in the sorting task viewed lads’ mags as less legitimate.
The three studies have built on earlier research led by the University of Surrey which helped to ignite a public debate about the role lads’ mags were playing in normalising sexist attitudes. Using the same sorting task as the recent US study, a series of studies in 2012 found that not only could men not distinguish between quotations from lads’ mags and convicted rapists, but they also identified more with quotes from either source when they were said to have originated in lads’ mags. This research contributed to the decision to put lads’ mags in black plastic wrappers on supermarket shelves in the UK.
Lead author, Professor Peter Hegarty of the University of Surrey’s Department of Psychology said: “Sales of lads’ mags have declined significantly in recent years, with several ceasing publication, but ‘lad culture’ and the normalisation of sexism is still a major concern, particularly on university campuses and online.
“These latest studies demonstrate how a concrete source of social influence (lads’ mags) can shape the expression of a prejudice that is generally considered unacceptable in an egalitarian society. However – in a microcosm of what we have seen in the lads’ mag market in recent years – when the extreme hostility of the content of lads’ mags is made obvious, men are more likely to reject these magazines.”
A new paper on men's collective action willingness has been accepted for publication in Psychology of Men & Masculinity! The paper tests how well two theories of intergroup relations (social dominance theory and social identity theory) explain collective action willingness for men and women. The results from a structural equation model demonstrated that SIT was a good model for women's collective action model, but SDT was a good model for men's collective action willingness. This study argues for using multiple theories in understanding collective action among different constitutencies.
Men’s Collective Action Willingness: Testing Different Theoretical Models of Protesting Gender Inequality for Women and Men
Andrew L. Stewart
The present study compares models of collective action to reduce gender inequality. The dual pathway model argues that identification with the disadvantaged group along with anger and group efficacy predict collective action. Social dominance theory argues that general support for intergroup equality and rejecting sexist beliefs in particular motivate collective action. Structural equation modeling revealed that both models were supported but are moderated by gender. Men’s support for equality increased opposition to sexism, which was associated with collective action willingness, and women’s ingroup identification predicted anger and group efficacy, which predicted collective action willingness. In all, the present studies demonstrate the utility of theoretical pluralism and has implications for programs and interventions that seek to encourage women and men to engage in collective action.
Keke Kaikhosroshvili, IIVL member, has won the Alice Higgins Award from the Women's and Gender Studies Program at Clark University. The award recognizes outstanding contributions to Clark and to the wider community of women and girls. Keke will receive $250 for this honor. Congratulations Keke!
Two members of the Ideology and Intergroup Violence Lab at Clark University have been awarded LEEP Project Fellowships for Summer 2016. Declan will conduct a research project on heterosexist harassment, collecting data, analyzing it, and preparing a manuscript for publication. Fatima will also conduct a research project, and she will be collecting data on teen dating violence in three schools in California. This data will form the foundation for her honors thesis. Congratulations to both!
Two students working with me have published manuscripts of their research in the Scholarly Undergraduate Research Journal, a student-run peer-reviewed journal at Clark University. Keke Kaikhosroshvili's paper examined the role of narratives among English language learners and was sponsored by Prof. Elena Zaretsky in the Hiatt School of Psychology. Themal Ellawala's paper reviewed the link between police shootings of African Americans in the U.S. and dehumanization processes. This paper was developed from a graduate seminar Themal took with me on stereotypes and prejudice in Fall 2015. Congratulations to them both!