Publication News

Call for Proposals: Journal of Social Issues

CALL FOR PROPOSALS

Special Issue of the Journal of Social Issues

COMMEMORATING THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.’S CALL TO BEHAVIORAL SCIENTISTS

Deadline to Submit Proposals: February 1, 2017

Almost 50 years ago, Martin Luther King Jr. (MLK) outlined a vision for the role of the behavioral scientist in the Civil Rights Movement (King, 1968). Delivering an address to the American Psychological Association in 1967, that was subsequently published in a 1968 issue of the Journal of Social Issues, MLK focused on the successes of the Civil Rights Movement but also on the challenges that lie ahead. He called for psychologists and other behavioral scientists to bring the tools of their science to bear on some of these important challenges. 

MLK described three areas to which these scholars could contribute, including diversity and leadership, how effective particular political actions are, and understanding the psychology of resistance to dominant, and creation of new, political ideologies, along with the psychological mechanisms employed to cope with collective oppression. In the 50 years since MLK’s remarks, psychologists and other behavioral scientists have been busy developing a vast literature on topics related to those outlined by MLK. However, it remains to be seen just what role psychologists and other behavioral scientists have had, and continue to play, in answering the types of questions coming out of progressive social movements for civil, and other, rights. This special issue will focus on contemporary research in psychology and behavioral science that embody the three areas of research outlined in MLK’s call to behavioural scientists. 

We welcome proposals for empirical manuscripts in the following three areas: diversity and leadership, the efficacy of political action, and how the disadvantaged resist and develop alternatives to oppression. Please send an extended abstract (2-4 pages, double spaced) describing your proposed contribution, including how the proposed manuscript connects to one of the three areas outlined above, to Andrew L. Stewart (andstewart@clarku.edu) by February 1, 2017. We strongly prefer contributions from non-U.S. contexts with a critical perspective on race, and scholars of color are especially encouraged to submit a proposal. We also recommend reading MLK’s original speech found here. Full manuscripts will be solicited at a later date.

New Paper on Men's Magazines and Sexism Published

From the University of Surrey about our new paper in Psychology of Men & Masculinity

A collaborative team of leading social psychologists from the University of Surrey, Clark University, University of Ghent and Middlesex University London have investigated how lads’ mags normalise sexism in three new studies. The results are published today in Psychology of Men and Masculinity.

New study shows that lads’ mags normalise sexist humour, refuting the idea that men perceive them as ironic or ‘harmless fun’ New findings show link between ambivalent sexism and buying lads’ mags When young men are shown the similarity between language used in lads’ mags and that used by convicted rapists, they delegitimise these magazines Results of three new studies into the link between lads’ mags and sexism published in Psychology of Men and Masculinities While editors of men’s magazines such as Zoo and FHM have long claimed that sexist humour in these publications is harmless because male readers perceive it as ironic, the latest research refutes this idea. In a study of 81 UK men aged between 18 and 50, participants were presented with sexist jokes both in and out of a lads’ mag context. Young men – particularly those who scored lower on sexism measures – considered the jokes less hostile when they were in a lads’ mag context (but not more ironic or funnier).

Another study, with 423 UK men aged 18 to 30, aimed to identify the correlation between sexism and lads’ mag consumption. This revealed that if a man displays ambivalent sexism he is more likely to buy lads’ mags than other men, but not more likely to indulge in other forms of direct sexual consumption (paying for sex or going to strip clubs).

Finally a third study conducted in the US with 274 undergraduate students demonstrated that when shown evidence of the extreme hostility of content found in lads’ mags, young men delegitimise these magazines. In this study, selected participants took part in a sorting task which involved identifying which of a group of quotations had appeared in lads’ mags and which had been used by convicted rapists. Having failed to do this effectively – correctly identifying only half of the quotations – the men who had taken part in the sorting task viewed lads’ mags as less legitimate.

The three studies have built on earlier research led by the University of Surrey which helped to ignite a public debate about the role lads’ mags were playing in normalising sexist attitudes. Using the same sorting task as the recent US study, a series of studies in 2012 found that not only could men not distinguish between quotations from lads’ mags and convicted rapists, but they also identified more with quotes from either source when they were said to have originated in lads’ mags. This research contributed to the decision to put lads’ mags in black plastic wrappers on supermarket shelves in the UK.

Lead author, Professor Peter Hegarty of the University of Surrey’s Department of Psychology said: “Sales of lads’ mags have declined significantly in recent years, with several ceasing publication, but ‘lad culture’ and the normalisation of sexism is still a major concern, particularly on university campuses and online.

“These latest studies demonstrate how a concrete source of social influence (lads’ mags) can shape the expression of a prejudice that is generally considered unacceptable in an egalitarian society. However – in a microcosm of what we have seen in the lads’ mag market in recent years – when the extreme hostility of the content of lads’ mags is made obvious, men are more likely to reject these magazines.”

New Paper on Men's Collective Action Willingness Accepted for Publication

A new paper on men's collective action willingness has been accepted for publication in Psychology of Men & Masculinity! The paper tests how well two theories of intergroup relations (social dominance theory and social identity theory) explain collective action willingness for men and women. The results from a structural equation model demonstrated that SIT was a good model for women's collective action model, but SDT was a good model for men's collective action willingness. This study argues for using multiple theories in understanding collective action among different constitutencies.

Abstract

Men’s Collective Action Willingness: Testing Different Theoretical Models of Protesting Gender Inequality for Women and Men
Andrew L. Stewart
The present study compares models of collective action to reduce gender inequality. The dual pathway model argues that identification with the disadvantaged group along with anger and group efficacy predict collective action. Social dominance theory argues that general support for intergroup equality and rejecting sexist beliefs in particular motivate collective action. Structural equation modeling revealed that both models were supported but are moderated by gender. Men’s support for equality increased opposition to sexism, which was associated with collective action willingness, and women’s ingroup identification predicted anger and group efficacy, which predicted collective action willingness. In all, the present studies demonstrate the utility of theoretical pluralism and has implications for programs and interventions that seek to encourage women and men to engage in collective action.

Clark students Keke Kaikhosroshvili and Themal Ellawala publish manuscripts in SURJ

Two students working with me have published manuscripts of their research in the Scholarly Undergraduate Research Journal, a student-run peer-reviewed journal at Clark University. Keke Kaikhosroshvili's paper examined the role of narratives among English language learners and was sponsored by Prof. Elena Zaretsky in the Hiatt School of Psychology. Themal Ellawala's paper reviewed the link between police shootings of African Americans in the U.S. and dehumanization processes. This paper was developed from a graduate seminar Themal took with me on stereotypes and prejudice in Fall 2015. Congratulations to them both!

Paper on the Gezi Protests Accepted for Publication

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Our paper describing our experience of conducting research in the midst of the 2013 Gezi Park protests in Istanbul, Turkey has been accepted for publication in Contention Journal !

Leach, C. W., Çelik, A. B., Bilali, R., Cidam, A., & Stewart, A. L. (in press). Being there: The 2013 anti-government protests in Istanbul, Turkey. Contention Journal: The Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Protest.